A Neolithic Henge Monument and recent other finds from Warwickshire

Tuesday 7th November 2017

Speaker: Nigel Page

Find out more about recent finds from archaeological sites in Warwickshire. At long last, Warwickshire can now boast a Neolithic henge ‘culture’ to complement if not rival other regions. Five have been fully excavated in the last two years. The ongoing analysis of these sites has revealed some interesting aspects of their chronology and use.

In addition Warwickshire Archaeology are delighted to be able to bring you some very exciting news about remarkable excavations on a site undoubtedly close to your hearts. PLEASE NOTE : For the first time we shall be hosting a meeting of the Society in Warwick at the recently refurbished Market Place Museum. Doors open at 6.45 and lecture commences at 7pm

Henge excavation in progress

Birmingham Artists, Antiquaries & Architects; discovering and recording the past in the late 19th century.

Tuesday 5th December 2017

Speaker: Stephen Price

AGM 6.45 – 7pm, Lecture commences 7pm

Concentrating on a handful of leading lights in the Birmingham and Warwickshire Archaeological Society – A.E. Everitt, Oliver & Harold Baker and Jethro Cossins who were all active in the field and have left today’s students of Birmingham and Warwickshire history a remarkable resource in various public and private collections. Everitt’s collection of drawings and watercolours of the Midlands once belonged to the Society, but is now in the care of Birmingham Museums Trust, while the diaries and letters of the Baker family, together with the paintings and photographs they produced illuminate the process of recording historic buildings within reach of the city. Cossins was a leading member of the architectural profession in late 19th century Birmingham, designing many significant new buildings in the city, but he was also a committed saviour of many vernacular buildings and churches, working with the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings to ensure their preservation. Our meeting is being held on the centenary of Cossins’ death at the BMI. The lecture will attempt to put the work of these pioneers in context and raise awareness of the value of their contributions.

Stephen has been a member of BWAS since the 1960s and has had a long career and distinguished as a museum curator. Early retirement has given him the opportunity to get back to the Midlands and write up some of his research  undertaken on Birmingham and Worcestershire history.

This lecture will take place at the BMI (more…)

Castle Bromwich Castle

7pm Tuesday 3rd October 2017
Speaker – Mike Hodder

Archaeological excavations at the motte and bailey which gives Castle Bromwich its name took place in 1969-70 before a collector road for the M6 Motorway was built through the bailey. The excavations revealed prehistoric and Roman objects and features under the medieval motte and bailey, an undated palisade and ditch under the 12th-century motte, a timber gateway into the bailey and medieval buildings within it.

The bailey was later extended, and a house was built at the base of the motte in the 17th century. The excavation director, Bill Ford, died a few years ago and the excavation has never been written up. Dr Mike Hodder, who worked on the site as a schoolboy, is compiling a report from records and finds in Birmingham Museum, which will be published in the Society’s Transactions.

The talk will take place at the Birmingham Midlands Institute.

Programme of Lectures 2016 – 2017

dsc_0317-wall-image-againOur lecture series takes place from October to April and showcases research and projects which investigate the archaeology of Birmingham and Warwickshire – with some notable exceptions!

Lectures normally take place on the first Tuesday of the month* at the Birmingham and Midland Institute, Margaret Street, Birmingham, with the exception of our January lecture which takes place at 1pm on the second Tuesday of the month.

some April lectures may be on the second Tuesday, depending on the date of Easter Monday

Annual Lunchtime Lectures

Tuesday 10 January 2017, 1pm-2pm   “I have come after them and made repair”: Understanding Stonehenge through petrology.

x-polars-corrected     ixer-1-100_6641

Images show samples and a thin section through X-polar light

The precise number, identity, geological provenance and prehistorical significance of the various Stonehenge bluestones have been, and will always remain, contentious, for they provide the stony springboards for speculation. Petrographical re-examination (using ‘total petrography’) of lithic assemblages collected during the last century, plus examination of those from 21st-century excavations, found within Stonehenge and its immediate environs (over 7000 samples), combined with dedicated, geological, in site collecting has allowed a greater qualification and quantification of the rock types, demonstrated their relative archaeological ‘importance’ and suggested their possible origins. However, the data have also uncovered cryptic questions including: – Why are some orthostats not represented in the abundant and spatially quite uniform Stonehenge ‘debitage’ …and vice versa?

Why are the geological origins of the non-dolerite bluestone so diverse and often from ‘insignificant’ outcrops?

Detailed rock and mineral geochemistry plus statistical analysis of the ‘debitage’ may answer these and the more straightforward questions.

Stonehenge

 

 

BWAS AGM

cd-bretford-2Tuesday 6 December 2016, 6.45pm-7pm

Tuesday 6 December 2016 7pm-8pm
New towns in medieval Warwickshire:  the mystery of Bretford

Bretford is a small hamlet in Warwickshire, lying roughly equidistant between Coventry and Rugby.
A little to the south, the Fosse Way is carried over the Avon on a medieval five-arch stone bridge.

Although now a very small settlement, Bretford was originally larger, a planned, early 13th-century market town, with the Fosse being diverted from its Roman line to service it.

By the 15th century the town had suffered a major decline from which it never recovered.

Prof. Dyer has undertaken extensive field-walking on many medieval settlement sites in Warwickshire, including Bretford.
He will present his most recent research in this lecture.

 

Mansio, Medieval Pottery, M6 Toll and Museum

Tuesday 4 October 2016, 7pm 

Mansio, Medieval Pottery, M6 Toll and Museum: a personal perspective on Wall Roman site (Letocetum), Staffordshire

With Dr. Mike Hodder

Wall originated as a series of 1st-century Roman forts on a hilltop overlooking Watling Street. A small town which developed outside the forts included a bath house and mansio (an inn). At the end of the 3rd century a walled enclosure or burgus was built astride Watling Street.  Excavations along the line of the M6 Toll motorway near Wall revealed a Roman cemetery and a pottery kiln.

In addition to a summary of the Roman sites in and around Wall as part of the Roman West Midlands, this lecture will consider Wall before and after the Romans, interpretation and display of the site and finds, and some questions for future research.

Mike dug at Wall in the 1970s and he regards it as a formative site in his career. He was involved with the M6 Toll when he was Birmingham City Council’s archaeologist, and he is now a member of the Friends of Letocetum who man Wall museum and promote the site.

This lecture forms an introduction to the Society’s excursion to Wall on Saturday 29 October (meet at Wall Museum 2pm) which will consist of a visit to the Museum and a guided walk.

FIRST LECTURE OF 2016! TUESDAY 4 OCTOBER, 7pm, BMI

Tuesday 4 October 2016, 7pm  Mansio, Medieval Pottery, M6 Toll and Museum: a personal perspective on Wall Roman site (Letocetum), Staffordshire

With Dr. Mike Hodder

Wall originated as a series of 1st-century Roman forts on a hilltop overlooking Watling Street. A small town which developed outside the forts included a bath house and mansio (an inn). At the end of the 3rd century a walled enclosure or burgus was built astride Watling Street. Excavations along the line of the M6 Toll motorway near Wall revealed a Roman cemetery and a pottery kiln.

In addition to a summary of the Roman sites in and around Wall as part of the Roman West Midlands, this lecture will consider Wall before and after the Romans, interpretation and display of the site and finds, and some questions for future research.    

Mike dug at Wall in the 1970s and he regards it as a formative site in his career. He was involved with the M6 Toll when he was Birmingham City Council’s archaeologist, and he is now a member of the Friends of Letocetum who man Wall museum and promote the site.

This lecture forms an introduction to the Society’s excursion to Wall on Saturday 29 October (meet at Wall Museum 2pm) which will consist of a visit to the Museum and a guided walk.

Tuesday 1 November 2016, 7pm-8pm The Recording and Identification of Barns

kh-leigh_court-3264x2448-15A paper by Francis B. Andrews, a former President of the Society, for BWAS in 1900 described a number of major barns which had been lost and some which were still in existence. He talked about their importance and the need to preserve them. Francis B Andrews  was in fact the president of BWAS.

Horn & Born were two American researchers who did major work on Medieval European Monasteries and produced a monograph “The Barns of the Abbey of Beaulieu at its Granges of Beaulieu St. Leonards and Great Coxwell”. They used the structural details of the existing barn at Great Coxwell plus archaeology to hypothesise the structure of the great barn at Beaulieu St. Leonards.

F.W.B Charles had recorded details of the barn at Bredon just before a fire destroyed most of the roof. He was able to use his research to reconstruct the barn using new timbers spliced into the surviving ones.  Another barn at Pilton in Somerset suffered a similar fate and was also restored through the use of local research.

Cecil Hewett researched the structural joints in the barns of Essex from the 11th to the 11th century to posit a chronology of the development in carpentry and thus date other timber-framed barns. S.E. Rigold did similar work in Kent. There is still much to learn, particularly in the origin and development of cruck-framed barns and the raised-cruck roof.

A number of previously unrecorded barns have recently been excavated, from possible Roman and Saxon ones to later stone foundations as at Southam in Warwickshire. Problems in identifying and dating such finds are: for timber ones the fact that early barns were probably earthfast and so have rotted away completely except for post holes and for both timber and stone barns, the fact that they were used for storage and processing of crops and unless they burnt down, all the organic evidence has gone and there are usually no domestic small finds. The surviving ones were also constantly repaired and modified, but whereas in the case of the manor house, this was probably done for reasons of comfort, fashion and convenience so that alterations can aid in dating, in the case of barns they were pragmatic, ad hoc and responding to the agricultural needs of the time, of which, in the absence of farm records, there is no evidence.

The recording and identification of barns is important archaeologically because it has been estimated that we have lost between 50% and 70% of the barns in England yet for 900 years they were one of the most important buildings in the rural economy. Being able to locate their position, size, structure and date is important to understanding the economy and infrastructure of any community from the Anglo-Saxon period to at least the middle of the 19th century.

The talk will be illustrated but Ken will also be bringing some scale models of some of the barns to view after the lecture.

Tuesday 6 December 2016, 6.45pm-7pm BWAS AGM- Tuesday 6 December 2016 7pm-8pm New towns in medieval Warwickshire: the mystery of Bretford

With Prof. Chris Dyer

cd-bretford-2Bretford is a small hamlet in Warwickshire, lying roughly equidistant between Coventry and Rugby. A little to the south, the Fosse Way is carried over the Avon on a medieval five-arch stone bridge.  Although now a very small settlement, Bretford was originally larger, a planned, early 13th-century market town, with the Fosse being diverted from its Roman line to service it. By the 15th century the town had suffered a major decline from which it never recovered.

Prof. Dyer has undertaken extensive field-walking on many medieval settlement sites in Warwickshire, including Bretford. He will present his most recent research in this lecture.